“Mind the GAP” – Group for Applied Psychology, 2001–2002 Calendar

About GAP

GAP is an interdisciplinary group of scholars interested in the application of psychology and psychoanalytic theory and practice to the study of the arts. We meet once a month during the academic year, usually on a Thursday evening, for drinks (5:30–6:20 PM), dinner (6:20–7:30 PM), and after-dinner discussion (7:30–8:30 or 9:00 PM) of a precirculated paper by one of the GAP members or invited guests. GAP is open to all University of Florida faculty and their guests, to mental health clinicians, and to graduate students who have been invited by an instructor. GAP is based in UF’s Institute for the Psychological Study of the Arts. Its members are from several UF departments, including English, History, Romance Languages, Art, Linguistics, Psychology, and Psychiatry.

We mail you the paper upon receipt of your check for $22.00 ($10.00 for graduate students), made payable to “GAP.” If you want to skip drinks and dinner, you are still welcome to receive a copy of the paper and to attend the discussion for no charge; just notify the GAP secretary of your intention to attend. We encourage you to bring a guest – a colleague, graduate student, friend or spouse – to the meeting. We promise drinks, dinner, and lively discussion.

Checks should be sent to:

Department of English
4370 Turlington Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-7310

For additional information, contact the GAP secretary, Sonja Moreno by email, at <smoreno@english.ufl.edu>, or by phone, at (352) 392-7332.


Professor Norman Holland (Marston-Millbauer Professor of English, UF), “Where Is a Text?: A Neurological View.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. Professor Holland argues that we see the world as “out there” when the only way it occurs to us is through electrochemical pulses in our neurons. Thus literary critics want to claim a truth or objective value for their pronouncements about texts, asserting that their feelings about a text are somehow “in” the text.


Professor Bertram Wyatt-Brown (Department of History, UF), “O. Henry, Uncle Remus, and Mark Twain: Subversive Humor and Melancholy Dualities.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. This paper is part of a book entitled, Hearts of Darkness: Wellsprings of a Southern Literary Tradition (Louisiana State University Press, 2002). The book argues that manic depression became a part of the Southern literary scene when Edgar Allan Poe united his Gothicism to the romantic ethos of American and Southern culture. That pattern continues to affect Southern writing in our own day. The connection of literary creativity and melancholy has a long history in western societies. Yet cultural factors – the romantic element, the grip of honor, the complexity of race relations, and the defeat of Southern arms – set Southern melancholy apart. This chapter argues that reticence about their pasts, emotional problems, and a determination to translate agony into laughter make comparable these three significant contributors to American and Southern letters: O. Henry, Uncle Remus, and Mark Twain. All of them employed two names for themselves: the hidden original name and the adopted one which represented the artistic side. Dualities also figured in their literature and in their extraordinary, unhappy lives.


Professor Bernard Paris (Department of English, UF, Emeritus), “No Longer the Same Interpreter: Changing Responses to George Eliot.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. Bernard Paris was senior Victorianist in the Department of English from 1981–1996. He is the author or editor of eleven books, including A Psychological Approach To Fiction: Studies In Thackeray, Stendhal, George Eliot, Dostoevsky, and Conrad; Bargains With Fate: Psychological Crises And Conflicts in Shakespeare and His Plays; Karen Horney: A Psychoanalyst’s Search For Self-Understanding; and Imagined Human Beings: A Psychological Approach to Character and Conflict in Literature. In 1965, Professor Paris published a book entitled Experiments in Life: George Eliot’s Quest for Values, in which he enthusiastically endorsed George Eliot’s Religion of Humanity. Over the years, he has changed his mind and become quite critical of Eliot’s beliefs. He is currently completing a book, tentatively entitled Rereading George Eliot: Middlemarch and Daniel Deronda, in which he traces his changing responses to George Eliot and speculates about the role of his character structure and psychological development in the evolution of his critical perspective. It is, among other things, reader-response criticism, using himself as a case history. His GAP paper is the first chapter of this book.


Professor Anne Wyatt-Brown (Linguistics Program, UF), “Bravado and Bonding: Young Jewish Men in the Camps.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. Professor Wyatt-Brown looks in depth at two late-life memoirs, Roman Frister’s The Cap and Paul Steinberg’s Speak You Also. (Excerpts from these memoirs will be included with the copy of the paper.) Both men survived Auschwitz as adolescents. She considers the way gender and age influence their memoirs. Although Lawrence Langer has claimed that gender did not play an important role in the concentration camps, Professor Wyatt-Brown finds that the men shape their survival narratives differently from women, and, on the whole, masculine defense mechanisms differ in important ways from feminine.


Dr. Harvey Greenberg (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York), “A Field Guide to Cinetherapy: On Celluloid Psychoanalysis and Its Practitioners.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. Dr. Greenberg’s paper deals with a series of recent films featuring depictions of psychiatric practice, including The Prince of Tides, Analyze This, and As Good as It Gets; and the TV show The Sopranos. Dr. Greenberg is Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City and a frequent reviewer and commentator on film. He is the author of The Movies on My Mind and Screen Memories.


Dr. Donald Carveth (Department of Sociology, York University), “Fugitives From Guilt: Postmodern De-Moralization and the New Hysterias.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. Professor Carveth teaches Sociology and Social and Political Thought at York University, Glendon College, in Toronto. He is a Training and Supervising Analyst in the Canadian Institute of Psychoanalysis (IPA), a member of the Toronto and Canadian Psychoanalytic Societies and Division 39 (Psychoanalysis) of the American Psychological Association. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis/Revue Canadienne de Psychanalyse, Editor of the ejournal Kleinian Studies, and a member of the Editorial Boards of Psychoanalysis & Contemporary Thought, Free Associations, and PSYART: A Hyperlink Journal for the Psychological Study of the Arts. His essay, “The Analyst’s Metaphors,” is reprinted in the recent Ebook, Metaphor and Psychoanalysis, edited by Burton A. Melnick and Norman N. Holland and published by PSYART.

In Hystories: Hysterical Epidemics and Modern Media, Elaine Showalter (1997) argues that, far from having died, hysteria is alive and well in the form of the psychological epidemics of “imaginary illnesses” that characterize today’s cultural narratives of hysteria. Professor Carveth’s paper offers a psychoanalytic, Kleinian understanding of the new hysterias – including so-called multiple chemical sensitivity, environmental illness, and fibromyalgia syndrome – as sub-types of a more general hystero-paranoid syndrome – a syndrome convincingly depicted in the so-called “environmental illness” of the central character, played by Julianne Moore, in Todd Haynes’s film Safe.

A free screening of the film Safe will take place Monday, February 11, 7 PM, Turlington 2353.


Professor Pawel Dybel (University of Bialystok), “Psychoanalysis and the Polish Novel from 1920 to 1939: Stanislaw I. Witkiewicz, Bruno Schulz, and Witold Gombrowicz.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. Professor Dybel is currently a Visiting Professor at SUNY Buffalo, teaching Polish literature and history. He has also taught at the University of Warsaw and as visiting professor, Institute of the Sciences of Man, Vienna. He is the author of four books in Polish on Freud, Lacan, and Polish literature, and editor of three volumes. He has published many articles in both Polish and English and translated some works of Freud, Fichte, and Slavoj Zizek into Polish.

In this paper, Professor Dybel argues that the greatest Polish novelists between 1900–1939 were very well acquainted with the works of Freud (some of them had been translated into Polish already at the beginning of the 20th century, and many books and articles dealing with psychoanalysis were published). The best example of Freud’s influence is the literary work of Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz, who was fascinated with psychoanalysis (and was psychoanalysed himself) and made ample use of its discoveries in his novels and dramas. But there were also writers (e.g., Bruno Schulz and Witold Gombrowicz) who expressed rather skeptical opinions about Freud’s theory. Their critical attitude towards psychoanalysis notwithstanding, they were actually very “psychoanalytical” in their writing. Witkiewicz, Schulz, and Gombrowicz (mostly unwittingly) make use of some Freudian insights while at the same time deeply changing their meaning.


Professor Madelon Sprengnether (Department of English, University of Minnesota), “Jane Campion’s ‘The Piano’: A Memoir Essay.” 5:30–9 PM, Reitz Union 400. Professor Sprengnether is the author of The Spectral Mother: Freud, Feminism, and Psychoanalysis; a collection of poems, The Normal Heart; a book of autobiographical essays, Rivers, Stories, Houses, Dreams; and co-editor of several volumes. This essay comes from her recent book, Crying at the Movies: A Film Memoir (Graywolf Press).